Foot Conditions & Disorders treated by Brooklyn Foot Doctors

These pages will provide some general information about the anatomy of foot and ankle, care tips, show wear tips, childrens feet, how you walk, foot facts quiz

Athlete's foot - Tinea pedis

What is athlete's foot?

athlete's foot brooklyn foot doctorAthlete’s foot, referred to as tinea pedis by podiatrists, is a common fungal infection of the skin of your feet. The fungus, tinea pedis, is caused by dermatophyte and is contracted from public environments. The fungus then grows in the warm and moist environments such as shoes, socks, locker room floors, public swimming pools, and pedicure tubs. It can be difficult to eradicate.

Where did I get a athlete's foot from?

Many cases of athlete’s foot can be traced to use of a public recreational facility, such as a spa, swimming pool, or locker room shower. The fungus, which grows in warm, moist environments, likes to live in the outer layers of your skin. However, for short periods of time, the fungus can live in warm puddles on the tile floor, awaiting another foot to hop onto. Athlete's foot can be transmitted to the skin through a cut or abrasion on the bottom of the foot.

What are the symptoms of athlete’s foot?

athlete's foot brooklyn podiatristMost commonly, people experience these typical symptoms of athlete’s foot:

Symptoms of athlete's foot can be mild or severe. In more progressed stages of fungal infection, the toenails may become involved causing a thickened, yellowish appearance of the nail. Untreated or severe tinea pedis could lead to painful fissuring or cracking of skin and blistering with surrounding inflammation. It can also lead to chronic fungal nails.

How can I get rid of athlete's foot?

athlete's foot brooklyn foot doctors podiatristsDiagnosis of athlete's foot can be made by your brooklyn foot doctor by a clinical exam, microscopic evaluation of scrapings, growing out the fungal cultures from the skin scrapings, and also examining the foot under ultraviolet light. The best treatment for athlete’s foot, is prevention. If you're reading this, it is likely that this particular step of treatment has either been passed, or has not worked--keep reading! Once you do get rid of athlete's foot, you're going to want to know how to prevent it from happening again in the future.

In addition to the above recommendations, your brooklyn podiatrist / foot doctor will give you medication for athlete's foot and you have to be diligent about applying the medication. You'll have to do this for at least several weeks, twice a day, for athlete's foot treatment to be effective.

athlete's foot brooklyn foot care doctor podiatristDo I need to see a foot doctor about athlete's foot?

If you can’t seem to win the battle against athlete's foot, then it’s probably time to visit your doctor. There are further treatment steps that can be taken. If the topical antifungal treatments are not sufficient to control the problem, then an oral prescription treatment is often the next step. There are quite a few antifungal medications on the market, your doctor will help you decide which is best. Fortunately, some of the newer medications have minimal side-effects and are less expensive, but because of possible complications all of the oral antifungals are available only by prescription.

Are there any other issues I should be concerned about if I have athlete's foot?

Athlete’s foot is extremely common, and in almost all cases there is no underlying problem that led to your contracting this infection. However, fungal infections can also be an early sign of more serious problems that result in a weakened immune system. This is especially true for individuals who are at risk for developing diabetes or contracting the HIV virus. If someone in your family has diabetes, or if you are at-risk for HIV (high-risk sexual activity, needle sharing), then you should see your doctor to confirm that these are not potential underlying disorders.

***This material is only provided as helpful information and not as medical advice and you should consult with your foot doctor for a professional diagnosis. ***

For more information on athlete's foot treatments and to make an appointment with the Brooklyn Athlete's Foot Podiatrist Foot Doctor, please call our office today (718) 266-1986 or click here to make an appointment

 

Brooklyn Podiatrists Treat Arthritis of the Foot & Ankle

Arthritis is the leading cause of disability in our country. It can occur at any age, and literally means "pain within a joint." Although arthritis of the feet cannot be cured, it can be treated by foot doctors. There are many treatment options available. It is important to start treatment early so that relief can begin as soon as possible. With treatment, people with arthritis are able to manage pain, and stay active, often without surgery.

foot and ankle arthritis brooklyn podiatrist foot doctor

Types of Arthritis affecting foot and ankle

There are three types of arthritis that may affect your foot and ankle.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative or "wear and tear" arthritis, is a common problem for many people after they reach middle age. Over the years, the smooth, gliding surface covering the ends of bones (cartilage) becomes worn and frayed. This results in inflammation, swelling, and pain in the joint. Osteoarthritis progresses slowly and the pain and stiffness it causes worsens over time. Many factors increase your risk for developing osteoarthritis. Because the ability of cartilage to heal itself decreases as we age, older people are more likely to develop the disease. Other factors that increase the risk are obesity and family history of the disease.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Unlike osteoarthritis which follows a predictable pattern in certain joints, rheumatoid arthritis is a system-wide disease. It is an inflammatory disease where the patient's own immune system attacks and destroys cartilage. The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is not known. Although it is not an inherited disease, researchers believe that some people have genes that make them more susceptible. There is usually a "trigger," such as an infection or environmental factor, which activates the genes. When the body is exposed to this trigger, the immune system begins to produce substances that attack the joint. This is what may lead to the development of rheumatoid arthritis.

Gouty Arthritis

Gout is another form of arthritis that also leads to foot complications. Excess uric acid crystals collect in and around the joints of the big toe. The big toe joint is commonly the focal point due to the stress and pressure it experiences during walking and other weight bearing activities. This often leads to severe pain in the big toe. Men are more likely to develop gouty arthritis than women.

Post-Traumatic Arthritis

Post-traumatic arthritis can develop after an injury to the foot or ankle. This type of arthritis is similar to osteoarthritis and may develop years after a fracture, severe sprain, or ligament injury. Fractures - particularly those that damage the joint surface - and dislocations are the most common injuries that lead to this type of arthritis. An injured joint is about seven times more likely to become arthritic, even if the injury is properly treated. In fact, following injury, your body can secrete hormones that stimulate the death of your cartilage cells.

The joints most commonly affected by arthritis in the lower extremity include:

Common Arthritis Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of arthritis of the foot vary, depending on which joint is affected. Common symptoms include:

Diagnosis

Your brooklyn podiatrist / foot doctor will base a diagnosis using your medical history, symptoms, a physical examination, and additional tests.

A medical history is important to understand more about the problem. Your foot doctor / podiatrist will want to know when the pain started and when it occurs. Is it worse at night? Does it get worse when walking or running? Is it continuous, or does it come and go? He will want to know if there was a past injury to the foot or ankle. If so, your podiatrist will discuss your injury, when it occurred, and how it was treated. Your foot doctor will want to know if the pain is in both feet or only in one foot, and where it is located exactly. Footwear will be examined, and any medications will be noted.

One of the tests performed by a foot doctor during the physical examination is the gait analysis. This shows how the bones in the leg and foot line up with walking, measures stride, and tests the strength of the ankles and feet. X-rays can show changes in the spacing between bones or in the shape of the bones themselves. Weight-bearing X-rays are the most valuable additional test in diagnosing the severity of arthritis. A bone scan, computed tomographic (CT) scan, or magnetic resonance image (MRI) may also be used in the evaluation.  

Treatment

Depending on the type, location, and severity of the arthritis, there are many types of treatment available.

Nonsurgical treatment options include:

Surgical treatment options: 

If arthritis doesn't respond to nonsurgical treatment, surgical treatment might be considered. The choice of surgery will depend on the type of arthritis, the impact of the disease on the joints, and the location of the arthritis. Sometimes more than one type of surgery will be needed.

Surgery performed for arthritis of the foot and ankle include

Bunion surgery / Bunionectomy

What Is a Bunion? bunions brooklyn foot doctor podiatrist bunionectomy tailor's bunion

A bunion is an enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe–the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint – that forms when the bone or tissue at the big toe joint moves out of place. This forces the toe to bend toward the others, causing an often painful lump of bone on the foot. Bunions are a progressive disorder. They begin with a leaning of the big toe, gradually changing the angle of the bones over the years and slowly producing the characteristic bump, which continues to become increasingly prominent. Usually the symptoms of bunions appear at later stages, although some people never have symptoms.

Since this joint carries a lot of the body´s weight while walking, bunions can cause extreme pain if left untreated. The MTP joint itself may become stiff and sore, making even the wearing of shoes difficult or impossible. Bunions – from the Latin "bunio," meaning enlargement – can also occur on the outside of the foot along the little toe, where it is called a "bunionette" or "tailor´s bunion."

 

Bunion Symptoms

bunion diagram, foot doctor in bensonhurstDevelopment of a firm bump on the outside edge of the foot, at the base of the big toe. Redness, swelling, or pain at or near the MTP joint. Corns or other irritations caused by the overlap of the first and second toes. Restricted or painful motion of the big toe.  
 

 

 

What Causes a Bunion?

bunion caused deformed toe, surgery neededBunions form when the normal balance of forces that is exerted on the joints and tendons of the foot becomes disrupted. This can lead to instability in the joint and cause the deformity. They are brought about by years of abnormal motion and pressure over the MTP joint. They are, therefore, a symptom of faulty foot development and are ususally caused by the way we walk, and our inherited foot type, our shoes, or other sources.  

Although bunions tend to run in families, it is the foot type that is passed down not the bunion. Parents who suffer from poor foot mechanics can pass their problematic foot type on to their children, who, in turn, are also prone to developing bunions. The abnormal functioning caused by this faulty foot development can lead to pressure being exerted on and within the foot, often resulting in bone and joint deformities such as bunions and hammertoes.

 

Other causes of bunions are foot injuries, neuromuscular disorders, or congenital deformities. People who suffer from flat feet or low arches are also prone to developing these problems, as are arthritic patients and those with inflammatory joint disease. Occupations that place undue stress on the feet are also a factor; ballet dancers, for instance, often develop the condition.foot doctor in brooklyn does bunion surgeries

Wearing shoes that cause the toes to be squeezed together is also a common factor, one that explains the high occurrence of the disorder among women.

What Can You Do For Relief?

See your podiatrist or call to make an appointment at (718) 266-1986. Your doctor may apply a non-medicated bunion pad around the bony prominence. He/she may ask you to wear shoes with a wide and deep toe box. If your bunion becomes inflamed and painful, you may need to apply ice packs several times a day to reduce swelling, or avoid high-heeled shoes over two inches tall. See the list below for more detailed conservative treatments. Definitely contact your foot doctor if pain persists.

Conservative Non-Surgical Treatment For Bunion Pain

Big Painful Bunion, swelling, redness, brooklynTreatment options vary with the type and severity of each bunion, although identifying the deformity early in its development is important. Brooklyn Foot doctor's medical attention should be sought at the first indication of pain or discomfort because, if left untreated, bunions tend to get larger and more painful, making nonsurgical treatment less of an option.

The primary goal of most early treatment options is to relieve pressure on the bunion and halt the progression of the joint deformity. A podiatrist may recommend the following treatments:

Padding & Taping

Often the first step in a treatment plan, padding the bunion minimizes pain and allows the patient to continue a normal, active life. Taping helps keep the foot in a normal position, thus reducing stress and pain.

Medication

Anti-inflammatory drugs and cortisone injections are often prescribed to ease the acute pain and inflammations caused by joint deformities.

Physical Therapy

Often used to provide relief of the inflammation and from bunion pain. Ultrasound therapy is a popular technique for treating bunions and their associated soft tissue involvement.

Orthotics

Custom shoe inserts may be useful in controlling foot function and may reduce symptoms and prevent worsening of the deformity.

When early treatments fail or the bunion progresses past the threshold for such options, podiatric surgery may become necessary to relieve pressure and repair the toe joint.

Surgical Treatment - Bunion Surgery - Bunionectomy

A variety of surgical procedures are performed to treat bunions. The procedures are designed to remove the "bump" of bone, correct the changes in the bony structure of the foot, as well as correct soft tissue changes that may also have occurred. The goal of these corrections is the elimination of pain.

In selecting the procedure or combination of procedures for your particular case, your Brooklyn foot surgeons, Dr. Tabari and Dr. Mantzoukas will take into consideration the extent of your deformity based on the x-ray findings, your age, your activity level, and other factors. The length of the recovery period will vary, depending on the procedure or procedures performed.

 

Bunion, Bunionectomy, After Surgery Photos, Podiatrist Brooklyn Foot DoctorSeveral surgical procedures are available to the podiatric physician. A simple bunionectomy, in which only the bony

 prominence is removed, may be used for the less severe deformity. Severe bunions may require a more involved procedure, which includes cutting the bone and realigning the joint.

Recuperation takes time, and swelling and some discomfort are common for several weeks following surgery. Pain, however, is easily managed with medications prescribed by your podiatric physician.

Together with your doctor you can decide if surgery is best for you.  Recent advances in surgical techniques have led to a very high success rate in treating bunions.

***This material is only provided as helpful information and not as medical advice and you should consult with your foot doctor for a professional diagnosis. ***

For more information on bunions or to make an appointment with the Brooklyn Bunion Podiatrist Foot Doctor Surgeon, or to treat your bunions, please feel free to contact today by calling (718) 266-1986 or clicking here to make an appointment.

Corns & calluses

corns brooklyn foot doctor podiatristWhat are corns and calluses?

Corns and calluses are thick hardened skin areas. Corns usually develop between the toes or on the tops of the toes. Calluses usually develop on the bottoms (soles) of the feet, although they can form on the sides or on the toes, as well. Corns and calluses are very common among people of all ages, but especially in older people. These conditions can be merely annoying at first but can become very painful. Some corns and calluses become inflamed and infected, especially in people with poor blood flow to the feet. Corns and calluses are often preventable. When they do form, however, they respond well to treatment.

Causes of corns and calluses

calluses brooklyn foot doctor podiatristCorns and calluses develop in response to friction or pressure. Friction occurs when skin rubs against skin (as often happens between adjacent toes) or when a sock or shoe rubs against a toe or another part of the foot. Pressure may occur when an ill-fitting shoe presses on the skin. Tight shoes and shoes that have a flat, hard toe box (the portion of the shoe where the toes fit) are especially likely to increase pressure on the skin. Also, fat and muscle tissue on the bottom of the feet thin with aging; thus pointy outgrowths of bone (spurs) and bumpy outgrowths of bone are more likely to press against the skin. When friction or pressure occurs regularly in the same area, a corn or callus forms gradually.

Symptoms and diagnosis of corns & calluses

A corn may be soft or hard. It is thickest at its center, or core. A callus is hard and is usually of equal thickness throughout. Some corns and calluses are annoying but without pain. However, most cause at least mild discomfort. Some cause enough pain to make walking difficult. Pain may worsen, and redness and warmth may develop if a corn or callus becomes inflamed and infected. Warts may resemble corns and calluses and may cause similar symptoms.

Your brooklyn foot doctor / podiatrist will diagnose a corn or callus by recognizing its typical appearance during a physical examination of the foot.

corns brooklyn foot doctor podiatristPrevention of corns & calluses

Wearing properly fitting footwear is the best way to prevent corns and calluses. Shoes should be long enough and have enough space in the toe box so that there is no pressure on the tops of the toes. Finding footwear that fits properly is sometimes easier said than done. Spurs or bumpy outgrowths of bone can interfere with the fit and comfort of shoes. This discomfort can sometimes be lessened by affixing into the shoe a soft material, such as moleskin, lamb's wool, felt, or foam padding. If these measures are unsuccessful, your Brooklyn podiatrist / foot doctor can sometimes modify a shoe or make a custom orthotic insole to reduce friction and pressure at certain points.

If you have diabetes or another condition that causes poor circulation to your feet, you're at greater risk of complications from corns and calluses. Seek your foot doctor's advice on proper care for corns and calluses if you have one of these conditions.

calluses diabetes foot doctor brooklyn pre-ulcer pre-ulcerative callus podiatristTreatment of corns & calluses

If a corn or callus becomes very painful or inflamed, see your doctor. If you have diabetes or poor circulation, call your foot doctor  podiatrist. Even a relatively minor injury to your foot could lead to an infected open sore (foot ulcer) that's difficult to heal.

Your Brooklyn Foot Specialist / Podiatrist will treat a corn or callus by using a scalpel to shave or pare away the thickened skin. Soft padding over the area is usually recommended to reduce pressure and protect the area where the corn or callus has been removed as well as to protect the surrounding healthy skin. The doctor may suggest adding a cream that softens thickened and hardened skin (emollient cream) to the padding. The podiatrist may also corns and calluses brooklyn foot doctor podiatristhelp the person modify his shoes to reduce pressure on the area where the corn or callus has been removed, or make a custom orthotic insole, or recommend alternative footwear.

After a corn or callus has been removed, it will not likely recur if the person can find and continue to wear footwear that fits properly.

Self-treatment with the use of razor blades, knife blades, or nonprescription preparations of salicylic acid should not be attempted because of the risk of injury and infection. In addition, self-treatment rarely succeeds.

***This material is only provided as helpful information and not as medical advice and you should consult with your foot doctor for a professional diagnosis. ***

For more information on corns and calluses and to make an appointment with the Brooklyn Podiatrist Foot Doctor, please call our office today (718) 266-1986 or click here to make an appointment

Custom orthotics

Our doctors make custom orthotics fitted just for your feet.

Diabetic foot care performed by podiatrists in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn

Foot problems commonly develop in people with diabetes and can quickly become serious.

Do you want to avoid serious foot problems that can lead to a toe, foot, or leg amputation? It’s all about taking good care of your feet. Foot care is very important for every person with diabetes, but especially if you have:

Nerve damage can cause you to lose feeling in your feet. You may not feel a pebble inside your sock that is causing a sore. You may not feel a blister caused by poorly fitting shoes. Foot injuries such as these can cause ulcers, which may lead to amputation.

Keeping your blood glucose (sugar) in good control and taking care of your feet every day can help you avoid serious foot problems.

Share your plan with your foot doctor / podiatrist and get his/her help when you need it. There is a lot you can do to prevent serious problems with your feet. Here’s how:

Brooklyn Foot Doctor - Diabetic Foot Care Tips

1. Take care of your diabetes.

 

*A1C is an average measure of your blood glucose over a 3-month period.
 

2. Check your feet every day.

You may have serious foot problems, but feel no pain. Check your feet for cuts, sores, red spots, swelling, and infected toenails. Find a time (evening is best) to check your feet each day. Make checking your feet part of your every day routine.  If you have trouble bending over to see your feet, use a plastic mirror to help. You also can ask a family member or caregiver to help you.

Make sure to call your Brooklyn Foot Doctor Podiatrist at 718-266-1986 team right away if a cut, sore, blister, or bruise on your foot does not begin to heal after one day.

 

3. Wash your feet every day.

4. Keep the skin soft and smooth.

 

5. Smooth corns and calluses gently.

6. Trim your toenails each week or when needed.

7. Wear shoes and socks at all times.

 

8. Protect your feet from hot and cold.

 

9. Keep the blood flowing to your feet.

10. Be more active.

11. Be sure to ask your Foot Doctor / Podiatrist to:

12. Get started now.

13. Tips for Proper Footwear

* Extra depth shoes look like athletic or walking shoes, but have more room in them. The extra room allows for different shaped feet and toes or for special inserts made to fit your feet.

 

14. Ask your doctor about Medicare or other insurance coverage for special footwear.

You may need special shoes or shoe inserts to prevent serious foot problems. If you have Medicare Part B insurance, you may be able to get some of the cost of special shoes or inserts paid for. Ask your doctor whether you qualify for

If you qualify for Medicare or other insurance coverage and would benefit from the use of the shoes, your Brooklyn foot doctor or podiatrist will tell you how to get your special shoes.

Ask your doctor to check the sense of feeling in your feet.

Brooklyn Podiatrist - Diabetic Foot Care, Ulcers

For more information on diabetes and your feet and diabetic foot care or to make an appointment with the Brooklyn Podiatrist Diabetic Foot Doctor, please call (718) 266-1986 or click here to make an appointment.

 

For more information about Diabetes, please contact:

American Diabetes Association
www.diabetes.org
800-DIABETES (800-342-2383) 

Foot Doctors Treat Broken toe, foot or ankle

Fractures of the foot and ankle are caused by falls, twisting injuries, or direct impact of the foot against hard objects. Foot fractures are common and cause considerable pain, which is always made worse by attempting to walk or put weight on the foot.

Diagnosis is usually made by x-ray. Sometimes, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is required. Treatment varies with the bone involved and the fracture type but usually involves placing the foot and ankle in a cast.

Toe Fractures, or broken toes:

Broken toe, broken foot, broken heel, broken ankle, fractures, brooklyn foot doctor, podiatrist, foot specialist, surgeon, ny

Toe (phalanges) fractures can occur when an unprotected foot collides with a hard object. If the big toe is abnormally bent, it may need to be realigned. Simple fractures of the four smaller toes heal without a cast. Certain measures, including splinting the toe with tape or nylon fastening (Velcro) to the adjacent toes (known as buddy taping) for several weeks and wearing loose footwear, can provide comfort and protect the toe. Stiff-soled shoes support the fracture, and wide, soft shoes place less pressure on the swollen toe. If walking in shoes is too painful, the doctor can prescribe specially fabricated boots.

A fracture of the big toe (hallux) tends to be more severe than that of the other toes, causing more intense pain, swelling, and bleeding under the skin. A big toe may break when a person drops a heavy object onto it or occasionally when a person stubs it. Fractures that affect the joint of the big toe may require surgery.

Sesamoid Fractures:

The sesamoids are two small round bones located within the flexor tendon under the big toe. These bones may fracture from running, hiking, and sports involving coming down too hard on the ball of the foot (such as basketball and tennis). Using padding or specially constructed orthoses (insoles) for the shoe helps relieve the pain. If pain continues, a sesamoid bone may need to be removed surgically.

Metatarsal Fractures, or broken foot:

A stress fracture of the metatarsals (the bones in the middle of the foot) can occur when a person walks or runs excessively. Putting full weight on the foot causes increased pain. The affected area on the metatarsal bone is tender to touch. Stress fractures may not be seen on x-rays if they are small or new (in an early stage). Sometimes CT, MRI, or bone scanning shows the fracture when x-rays do not. When a developing stress fracture is recognized early, stopping activities that aggravate the fracture may be all that is necessary. In more advanced and severe cases, crutches and a cast are necessary.

A fracture and dislocation of the base of the 2nd metatarsal bone usually occurs when people fall in a way that causes the toes to bend or twist toward the sole of the foot. This injury, called Lisfranc's fracture-dislocation, is common among football players. The middle of the foot becomes painful, swollen, and tender. Lisfranc's fracture-dislocation is serious and can lead to chronic problems with strenuous activities, permanent pain, and arthritis. Surgery may be required but does not always restore the foot to its previous condition.

A fracture of the 5th metatarsal base (located at the outside edge of the middle of the foot) occurs commonly after the foot is injured by turning inward or is crushed. This fracture is sometimes called a dancer's fracture. The outside edge of the foot becomes tender, and a swollen bruise develops. The cause and symptoms may be similar to those of a sprained ankle. A cast is not usually necessary but can make walking easier. Crutches and a protective walking shoe may be needed for a few days. These fractures heal relatively quickly. Fractures of the shaft of the 5th metatarsal bone (Jones fractures) are less common than dancer's fractures and do not heal as easily.

Heel Fractures, or broken heel:

A heel fracture can occur if people land on their feet after falling from a height. Sometimes the knees, spine, or both also are injured in such a fall. Heel fractures are very painful, and people are unable to bear weight on the foot. Surgery is sometimes needed.

Ankle Fractures, or broken ankle:

The ankle may fracture when the foot rolls inward or outward during a fall or while running or jumping. Fractures usually involve the bony bump on the outside of the ankle (lateral malleolus), which is the end of the small bone of the lower leg (fibula). Less often, the bump on the inside of the ankle is involved. This bump is the end of the large bone of the lower leg (tibia). Sometimes both are affected, in which case there is usually significant ligament damage as well. Nondisplaced fractures of the ankle can be treated with a cast. Displaced fractures that can not be realigned by the doctor or held in place with a cast require surgery.

Small chip (avulsion) fractures of the ligament attachments are similar to a severe sprain. This type of fracture is treated with a brace or cast for 6 weeks and usually heals well.

Foot Doctors in Bensonhurst treat Fungal nails

Many people have thick, discolored toenails. A large percentage of these abnormal nails are due to a fungal infection of the nail bed, plate or matrix. The medical term of this type of infection is Onychomycosis. Fungal nails affect more than 3% of the population mainly in developed countries.

What could promote the Fungal Nail Infections

The following are instances that could promote or encourage a fungal nail infection:

•Tight shoes promotes crowding of toes and keeps the toes warm and moist - the environment for fungi to grow.
•Extreme exercise could cause repeated minor trauma to the hyponychium allowing fungus to invade.
•Communal showers where people walk barefoot can expose the feet to fungi.
•Immune system diseases like AIDS and diabetes make it easier for a fungal infection to start.

Fungal toenail infections are diagnosed by taking a sample of the debris under the nail.

PinPointe FootLaser is the latest technology in lasers designed specifically for treating nail fungus. Its laser beam goes through the toenail to safely kill any fungal organisms embedded in the nail bed that cause Onychomycosis, which is more commonly known as toenail fungus.

PinPointe laser procedure requires treatments with little or no discomfort and is performed as an outpatient service with no anesthesia. The gentle laser beam has no effect on healthy tissue and treats only the fungal infected toe area. No drugs or topical ointments are used, eliminating the body side effects of traditional oral medications.

Foot Doctors in Brooklyn Perform Cosmetic foot surgery - plastic foot surgery

Here at the Brooklyn Podiatrist Foot Doctor Clinic we understand our patients' needs to cosmetically improve the appearance of their feet. Our patients not only enjoy relief from painful conditions but are thrilled at the cosmetic result achieved by our experienced cosmetic foot surgeons. See our before and after photos.  Some of the procedures that the foot doctors perform are:

 

Bunion surgery (bunionectomy)

Brooklyn Foot Doctor - Bunion Surgery - Podiatrist NY

This surgery will remove the bony enlargement, restore the normal alignment of the toe joint, and relieve pain. A simple bunionectomy, in which only the bony prominence is removed, may be used for the less severe deformity. Severe bunions may require a more involved procedure, which includes cutting the bone and realigning the joint. Recuperation takes time, and swelling and some discomfort are common for several weeks following surgery. Pain, however, is easily managed with medications prescribed by your podiatric surgeon.

 

Tailor's bunion surgery

This surgery removes a bony bump near the pinky toe.

 

Hammertoe surgery - toe straightening

This surgical procedure corrects painful contracted toes. We may also remove unsightly corns.
Brooklyn Foot Surgeon - hammertoe correction surgery - toe straightening

 

Pinky toe slimming & narrowing surgery

This surgical procedure makes the pinky toe slimmer, and removes the painful, unsightly corn usually visible on the pinky toe. Patients are able to wear stylish shoes comfortably; without pain after this procedure.

 

Toe shortening surgery

This surgery removes a painful bump near the pinky toe. Visible scarring is minimized by placing the incisions on the side of the foot. This is a departure from traditional incision placement.

Brooklyn Foot Doctor - hammertoe surgery toe straightening - Podiatrist NY

 

Cosmetic nail surgery

This in-patient surgical procedure eliminates ingrown toenails and fungal toenails.

Fungal toenails nails brooklyn ny podiatrist foot doctor
 

 

Foot makeover surgeries

We can also perform a combination of the above procedures utilized all at once or step by step to cosmetically enhance the appearance of the foot. Often patients will remark that their shoes now feel "roomy" and that they are able to wear stylish shoes or heels with less discomfort.

Dr. Tabari and Dr. Mantzoukas perform surgeries at the Fifth Avenue Surgery Center, North Shore Long Island Hospital and Lutheran Hospital.

***This material is only provided as helpful information and not as medical advice and you should consult with your foot doctor for a professional diagnosis. ***

For more information on cosmetic foot surgery, also referred to as plastic foot surgery, or to make an appointment with the Brooklyn Bunion Podiatrist Foot Doctor Surgeon, please call (718) 266-1986 or click here to make an appointment.

Foot Pain

***This material is only provided as helpful information and not as medical advice and you should consult with your Brooklyn Foot Doctor / Podiatrist for a professional diagnosis. ***
 

Rearfoot / Hell Pain

Some common rear foot conditions are plantar fasciitis and fat pad contusion.
Less common conditions are traumatic and stress calcaneal fractures, calcaneal nerve entrapment, talar stress fractures, retrocalcaneal bursitis, and tarsal tunnel syndrome.

Midfoot Pain

Some common mid-foot pain conditions include plantar fascii strain, various tendinopathies, midtarsal joint sprain, navicular stress fracture.
Less common mid-foot pain conditions are tarsal coalition, cuboid syndrome, cuneiform and cuboid stress fractures, other stress fractures, peroneal tendinopathy and abductor hallucis strain. Not to be missed is Kohler's Disease, Lisfranc's injury and osteoma.

Forefoot pain

Some common forefoot pain reasons are due to morton's neuroma, sesamoiditis, stress fractures, arthritis, bunions, hammertoes, ingrown nails, etc.

***This material is only provided as helpful information and not as medical advice and you should consult with your foot doctor / podiatrist for a professional diagnosis. ***

 

For more information on foot pain and foot care and to make an appointment with the Brooklyn Podiatrist Foot Doctor Surgeon, or to treat your foot & ankle, please feel free to contact our office today by calling (718) 266-1986 or clicking here to make an appointment.

Foot ulcer & wounds

Diabetics are quite often affected by foot ulcers due to neurologic and vascular complications.
Peripheral neuropathy can causes loss of sensation in the foot and /or leg. Similar to the feeling of a "frozen lip" after a dentist's anesthetic injection, the diabetic patient with advanced neuropathy looses all sharp-dull sensation. Trauma, cuts or injuries to the foot can go unnoticed for days in a patient with neuropathy. It's not unusual for a neuropathy patient tell you that the ulcer "just appeared" when, in fact, the ulcer has been present for a long time. There is no known cure for neuropathy, but glucose control has been shown to slow the progression of the neuropathy.

Charcot foot deformity occurs due to decreased sensation. People with "normal" sensations in their feet automatically determine when too much pressure is being placed on an area of the foot and are able to instinctively shift position to relieve this stress. A patient with advanced neuropathy does not have this important instinctive mechanism. As a result, tissue ischemia and necrosis occurs leading to ulcerations. Fractures in the bones of the foot go unnoticed and untreated, resulting in disfigurement, swelling and bony prominences.

Microvascular disease is a significant problem for diabetic patients and may also lead to ulcersations. Diabetes is also known as a small vessel disease. It is of vital importance that diabetics maintain close control on their glucose level, maintain a good body weight and avoid smoking in an attempt to reduce the onset of small vessel disease.

Hammertoe

We treat hammertoes and perform hammertoe surgeries.

Heel pain & spur

We treat heel pain and heel spurs.

Ingrown nails toenails

We treat ingrown nails and toenails

Morton's Neuroma

We treat Morton's Neuroma

Nail problems

We treat all sort of nail problems, such as thickened, blackened, bruised, ingrown, fungal toenails

Plantar warts / Verrucai

We treat plantar warts - both conservatively and surgically and have a 95% success rate of getting rid of warts from our patients feet.

Stiff big toe joint

Do you have a Stiff Big toe joint? You've come to the right place. Brooklyn foot doctors, Dr. Tabari and Dr. Mantzoukas treat this condition.

Swollen feet

Abnormal buildup of fluid in the feet or ankles is called peripheral edema.

Causes
• Prolonged standing
• Prolonged airplane flights or car rides
• Menstrual periods
• Preeclampsia during pregnancy
• Weight increase
• Older age
• Injury or trauma to the ankle or foot
• Heart, kidney or liver failures - during which there's increase in fluids in the foot area.

Other conditions that can cause swelling in the feet:

• Blood clots
• Leg infections
• Venous insufficiencies
• Varicose veins
• Burns (including sunburn)
• Insect bites/stings
• Malnutrition
• Surgery to your leg or foot
• Lymphatic obstructions
• Certain medications, such as estrogens, calcium channel blockers, steroids, antidepressants,

Tendon Injuries

Tendon Injuries - treated by Brooklyn podiatrists

Toe, Foot & Ankle fractures

Fractures of the foot and ankle are caused by falls, twisting injuries, or direct impact of the foot against hard objects. Foot fractures are common and cause considerable pain, which is always made worse by attempting to walk or put weight on the foot.

Diagnosis is usually made by x-ray. Sometimes, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is required. Treatment varies with the bone involved and the fracture type but usually involves placing the foot and ankle in a cast.

Toe Fractures:

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Toe (phalanges) fractures can occur when an unprotected foot collides with a hard object. If the big toe is abnormally bent, it may need to be realigned. Simple fractures of the four smaller toes heal without a cast. Certain measures, including splinting the toe with tape or nylon fastening (Velcro) to the adjacent toes (known as buddy taping) for several weeks and wearing loose footwear, can provide comfort and protect the toe. Stiff-soled shoes support the fracture, and wide, soft shoes place less pressure on the swollen toe. If walking in shoes is too painful, the doctor can prescribe specially fabricated boots.

A fracture of the big toe (hallux) tends to be more severe than that of the other toes, causing more intense pain, swelling, and bleeding under the skin. A big toe may break when a person drops a heavy object onto it or occasionally when a person stubs it. Fractures that affect the joint of the big toe may require surgery.

Sesamoid Fractures:

The sesamoids are two small round bones located within the flexor tendon under the big toe. These bones may fracture from running, hiking, and sports involving coming down too hard on the ball of the foot (such as basketball and tennis). Using padding or specially constructed orthoses (insoles) for the shoe helps relieve the pain. If pain continues, a sesamoid bone may need to be removed surgically.

Metatarsal Fractures:

A stress fracture of the metatarsals (the bones in the middle of the foot) can occur when a person walks or runs excessively. Putting full weight on the foot causes increased pain. The affected area on the metatarsal bone is tender to touch. Stress fractures may not be seen on x-rays if they are small or new (in an early stage). Sometimes CT, MRI, or bone scanning shows the fracture when x-rays do not. When a developing stress fracture is recognized early, stopping activities that aggravate the fracture may be all that is necessary. In more advanced and severe cases, crutches and a cast are necessary.

A fracture and dislocation of the base of the 2nd metatarsal bone usually occurs when people fall in a way that causes the toes to bend or twist toward the sole of the foot. This injury, called Lisfranc's fracture-dislocation, is common among football players. The middle of the foot becomes painful, swollen, and tender. Lisfranc's fracture-dislocation is serious and can lead to chronic problems with strenuous activities, permanent pain, and arthritis. Surgery may be required but does not always restore the foot to its previous condition.

A fracture of the 5th metatarsal base (located at the outside edge of the middle of the foot) occurs commonly after the foot is injured by turning inward or is crushed. This fracture is sometimes called a dancer's fracture. The outside edge of the foot becomes tender, and a swollen bruise develops. The cause and symptoms may be similar to those of a sprained ankle. A cast is not usually necessary but can make walking easier. Crutches and a protective walking shoe may be needed for a few days. These fractures heal relatively quickly. Fractures of the shaft of the 5th metatarsal bone (Jones fractures) are less common than dancer's fractures and do not heal as easily.

Heel Fractures:

A heel fracture can occur if people land on their feet after falling from a height. Sometimes the knees, spine, or both also are injured in such a fall. Heel fractures are very painful, and people are unable to bear weight on the foot. Surgery is sometimes needed.

Ankle Fractures:

The ankle may fracture when the foot rolls inward or outward during a fall or while running or jumping. Fractures usually involve the bony bump on the outside of the ankle (lateral malleolus), which is the end of the small bone of the lower leg (fibula). Less often, the bump on the inside of the ankle is involved. This bump is the end of the large bone of the lower leg (tibia). Sometimes both are affected, in which case there is usually significant ligament damage as well. Nondisplaced fractures of the ankle can be treated with a cast. Displaced fractures that can not be realigned by the doctor or held in place with a cast require surgery.

Small chip (avulsion) fractures of the ligament attachments are similar to a severe sprain. This type of fracture is treated with a brace or cast for 6 weeks and usually heals well.